Legal texts

The EEA is based on and governed by a number of international agreements between its constituent states. International agreements of this nature bind the contracting states, and create directly enforceable rights and obligations. As a result of the agreement, parts of EC law are incorporated into the domestic law of the participating EFTA States

The primary agreement in the context of the EEA is the Agreement on the European Economic Area, which entered into force on 1 January 1994. The Agreement currently applies to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway on the one hand, and the Member States of the European Union on the other.

The EEA Agreement is concerned principally with the four fundamental pillars of the Internal Market, “the four freedoms", i.e. freedom of movement of goods, persons, services and capital. The Agreement applies the fundamental freedoms of the internal market and the competition rules, as well as a wide range of related Community rules and policies, to the participating EFTA States.

The tasks and competences of ESA and of the EFTA Court are laid down in the Surveillance and Court Agreement, which applies to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein only.

ESA shall act in accordance with its Rules of Procedure.

In order to improve transparency, ESA makes documents available in a public document database upon request. Everyone who wishes can send an access request for documents to ESA. The main rule is that all documents should be publicly available. However, some exemptions exists and they are explained in ESA's rules on public access to documents.  

Other EEA Institutions

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