Free movement of capital


Free movement of capital is one of the fundamental freedoms in the EEA Agreement. It allows cross-border investments by residents in the EEA, without discrimination based on nationality, the place of residence or the place where the capital is invested. Restrictions on the freedom may only be permitted if justified by objective reasons.


The operations in capital covered by the EEA Agreement comprise, for example, transfers of capital between the EEA States, the acquisition of bonds, shares and other securities of issuers within the EEA. It also covers the acquisition of real estate in the territory of the EEA States.

The rules on free movement of capital are contained in:

For further information see the website of the European Commission.


Other EEA Institutions

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