The marketing of seeds is regulated in the EEA and for most agricultural and vegetable species only seeds that have been certified may be sold.

Seed certification has been introduced in the EEA in order to ensure the quality of seeds placed on the market. Detailed requirements must be complied with before seed can be certified; in particular, seed must be sufficiently pure and healthy, and correctly labelled.

In certain circumstances, where there is a supply shortage, the EFTA States may be allowed to authorise, for a limited period of time, the marketing of seed which does not meet the requirements set out in the legislation. The Authority publishes on its website the conditions under which the marketing of such seed is authorised, including the quantities permitted and the time periods authorised.

The European Commission publishes similar information for the EU Member States on its website.


Other EEA Institutions

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