Inland Transport

Road transport

European road transport rules and policies seek to:

  • promote efficient road freight and passenger transport services
  • facilitate conditions for fair and open competition
  • promote and harmonise safer and more environmentally friendly technical standards
  • ensure that rules are effectively applied without discrimination

They seek to liberalise the road transport market by:

  • eliminating barriers to market access
  • eliminating borders between Member States
  • harmonising technical and social conditions, access to transport professions, and charges for the use of infrastructure

The Authority monitors implementation of EEA road transport acts, deals with complaints, and assesses requests from the EFTA States relating to derogations from the rules.

Rail transport

EEA legislation on railways aims to open the rail transport market to competition and to improve the interoperability and safety of railway services. The rules include measures relating to:

  • railway maintenance
  • control-command and signaling systems
  • telematic systems
  • infrastructure
  • energy sources
  • operational systems
  • rolling stock

Technical specifications have also been harmonised as regards:

  • railway tunnels
  • parameters for noise
  • accounting and charging principles
  • allocation of infrastructure capacity

EEA legislation also regulates:

  • vehicle registers
  • licensing of operators
  • transport of dangerous goods and high pressure equipment
  • certification of train drivers

Norway is currently the only EFTA State that operates rail services. The Authority ensures that legislation is implemented correctly and on time. It also handles exchanges of information concerning rail transport between Norway and the EU Member States in conjunction with the Commission.

Relevant links




Other EEA Institutions


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