Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry

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25.3.2020

This page provides general information on ESA's work on the establishment of forest reference levels (FRLs) for Iceland and Norway.

Iceland, Norway and the EU have agreed to deepen their cooperation in climate action. The extended cooperation aligns the actions of the EU, Iceland and Norway to reduce certain greenhouse gases related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF), and to balance greenhouse gas emissions from these sectors by at least an accounted equivalent removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in the period 2021–2030.

LULUCF Regulation

The European Union adopted Regulation (EU) No 2018/841 (“the LULUCF Regulation”) on 30 May 2018. This regulation was extended to Iceland and Norway by incorporation into the EEA Agreement by Joint Committee Decision No 269/2019 which entered into force on 11 March 2020.

National forestry accounting plans

Under the LULUCF Regulation, Iceland and Norway have to present to ESA their national forestry accounting plans (NFAPs), including draft forest reference levels (FRLs) for their managed forest lands.

Technical assessment and establishment of the forest reference levels

Following the submission of the NFAPs, ESA is to undertake a technical assessment of the NFAPs and FRLs in consultation with experts from Iceland and Norway, stakeholders and civil society. Following the technical assessment, ESA may issue technical recommendations. 

Where applicable, based on the technical assessment and the technical recommendations, Iceland and Norway have to submit revised NFAPs and FRLs. These are then to be assessed by ESA with a view to establishing the final FRLs for the relevant compliance period. The final FRLs will provide the reference against which all emissions and removals from managed forest lands will be accounted.

Establishment of an expert group

The European Commission established an expert group (the “EU LULUCFEG”) to assist it in these tasks and to consult experts, stakeholders and civil society. ESA has likewise established a dedicated expert group for Iceland and Norway (the “EFTA LULUCF EG”), including participation from independent experts alongside experts from Iceland and Norway, other public entities and organisations.

The sections below detail the work carried out by ESA and the EFTA LULUCF EG in establishing the FRLs of Iceland and Norway. It will be updated as the work progresses.


EFTA LULUCF EXPERT GROUP

Establishment of the group

The EFTA LULUCF EG will assist the EFTA Surveillance Authority with the implementation of Article 8 of the LULUCF Regulation. It will assist in carrying out the technical assessment of the NFAPs with a view to establishing the FRLs to be applied by Iceland and Norway in the first and second compliance periods (from 2021 to 2025, and from 2026 to 2030).

The EFTA LULUCF EG will:

  1.  assist the EFTA Surveillance Authority with the technical assessment of Iceland and Norway's NFAPs;
  2. provide expertise to the EFTA Surveillance Authority when preparing the technical recommendations to Iceland and Norway;
  3. provide expertise to the EFTA Surveillance Authority when calculating the FRLs in case of the non-submission by Iceland and Norway; and
  4. assist if needed the EFTA Surveillance Authority in the preparation of the decision establishing the FRLs.

Call for application

On 6 December, the EFTA Surveillance Authority issued its call for application for the selection of the members to the expert group.

Selection procedure (members)

The members of this group include representatives of Iceland and Norway, independent technical experts, as well as representatives of the civil society and other public entities, such as a selection of other States and the European Commission.

Internal rules of procedure

The rules of procedure will be discussed and adopted at the first meeting of the EFTA LULUCF EG. Once adopted, the rules of procedure will be published on the page of the first meeting of the EFTA LULUCF EG. 

Meetings

 DATE TITLE DOCUMENTS
 17/03/20201st meeting of the EFTA Expert Group on Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (EFTA LULUCF EG) Agenda kick off meeting_200317_FINAL.pdf

Rules of Procedure final 200317.pdf

Kick-off meeting EFTA LULUCF EG_FINAL.pdf

Training_Aether_final-Aether-IIASA-ICF_200317_FINAL.pdf

   

Members

INDEPENDENT TECHNICAL EXPERTS APPOINTED IN THEIR PERSONAL CAPACITY

 NAMEDECLARATION OF INTERESTMEMBERSHIP STATUS
Valentin Bellassen
Declaration of interest - V Bellassen Member
Viorel Blujdea Declaration of interest - V Blujdea
Member
Paulo Canaveira Declaration of interest - P Canaveira Member
Zoltan Somogyi Declaration of interest - Z Somogyi Member
Asger Strange Olesen Declaration of interest - AS Olesen Member

Organisations

NAME ORGANISATIONSCATEGORYCOUNTRIES / AREAS
REPRESENTED
MEMBERSHIP STATUS
Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige
universitet
(Norwegian University of Life
Sciences)
Research institute
NorwayMember
Skógræktarfélag Íslands
(The Icelandic Forestry Association)
Non-governmental
organisation
IcelandMember 
ZERONon-governmental
organisation
NorwayMember

Competent authorities of Iceland and Norway

 COUNTRYNAME OF COMPETENT
AUTHORITY (IES)
 REPRESENTATIVES MEMBERSHIP STATUS
 Iceland  Icelandic Forest Service 2 representatives Member
 NorwayNorwegian Institute of
Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO)
 1 representative Member
 NorwayNorwegian Ministry of Climate and
Environment
 1 representative Member

Other public entities 

 NAME OF ENTITYENTITY TYPECOUNTRIES / AREAS
REPRESENTED
MEMBERSHIP STATUS
Netherlands Enterprise AgencyEU Member State Netherlands Member
State Forest ServiceEU Member State Lithuania Member
EEA Coordination UnitEFTA Member State Liechtenstein Member
European Commission – DG CLIMAEU Institutions EU Member
European Commission – Joint Research CentreEU Institutions EU Member

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Legislation

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