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Food Safety: Icelandic monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in place, but further improvement needed.




The EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) carried out an audit on monitoring and reporting of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in zoonotic and commensal bacteria in livestock and food. ESA proposes measures to further enhance monitoring of antimicrobial resistance.

Monitoring AMR in bacteria

Bacteria that persist in animals and can infect humans (zoonotic) and non-pathogenic gut bacteria (commensal) need to be monitored for AMR in accordance with the European Economic Area (EEA) regulation.

Icelandic authorities have developed a framework for monitoring of antimicrobial resistance, supported by documented procedures and by well-performing official laboratories.

Further improvements are needed to ensure the effective implementation of the monitoring programme for AMR. In particular in relation to specific monitoring of ESBL-producing E.coli and representativeness of samples. Some good practices were identified regarding voluntary monitoring that goes beyond EEA requirements.

The report includes a number of recommendations addressed to the Icelandic authorities aimed at rectifying the identified shortcomings and enhancing the system in place and can be accessed here.

For further information, please contact:

Øystein Solvang
Head of Communications
tel. +32 2 286 18 66
mob. +32 490 57 63 53


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