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State Aid

State Aid: Closure of case concerning aid to providers of public transport in Oslo



Today, the EFTA Surveillance Authority closed a complaint case regarding alleged aid to the three companies Kollektivtransportproduksjon AS (KTP), Oslo Vognselskap AS and Unibuss AS. The Authority found that the financing of these companies are in line with EEA law. 

KTP provides scheduled local transport in Oslo. It was established in 2007 and is the successor of AS Oslo Sporveier. The company holds a number of daughtercompanies, including Unibuss AS, who provide various forms of local scheduled transport services. 

In 2011, the Authority received a complaint alleging that municipal resources financing the activities of KTP and its predecessor AS Oslo Sporveiene, as well as  Oslo T-banedrift AS (metro) and Oslotrikken AS (tram), have subsidised the commercial activities of local scheduled bus and tour bus operator Unibuss AS. This is known as cross- subsidising. 

The complaint is directed towards guarantees and loans given by Oslo Municipality to KTP for the financing of metro and tram infrastructure, rolling stock and short term liquidity loans. The complainant also alleged that cross-subsidies were involved in the award of bus transport contracts from the metro and tram companies to Unibuss AS in cases where the metro and tram services had been interrupted. The complainant also claimed that KTP was overcompensated for the development of a payment and ticketing system  used for public transport in Oslo. 

After a preliminary examination, the Authority has concluded that there is no aid involved in the short term liquidity loans from Oslo Municipality to KTP and the bus contracts awarded to Unibuss AS, as they have been concluded on market terms. 

The Authority has furthermore concluded that the guarantees and loans for the financing of metro and tram infrastructure and rolling stock and the aid for the development of the ticketing system have been granted on the basis of a system of existing aid. The Authority has also concluded that the aid has not involved any overcompensation, it has therefore decided to close the complaint without taking further measures. 

A public version of today's decision will be published on the Authority's website, normally within one month.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Per Andreas Bjørgan
Director, Competition and State Aid Directorate
tel. (+32)(0)2 286 18 36
mob. (+32)(0)477 26 30 27

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